Comment le peuple juif fut inventé

Comment le peuple juif fut invent Quand le peuple juif fut il cr Est ce il y a quatre mille ans ou bien sous la plume d historiens juifs du XIXe si cle qui ont reconstitu r trospectivement un peuple imagin afin de fa onner une nation

  • Title: Comment le peuple juif fut inventé
  • Author: Shlomo Sand
  • ISBN: 9782081228825
  • Page: 390
  • Format: Mass Market Paperback
  • Quand le peuple juif fut il cr Est ce il y a quatre mille ans, ou bien sous la plume d historiens juifs du XIXe si cle qui ont reconstitu r trospectivement un peuple imagin afin de fa onner une nation future Dans le sillage de la contre histoire n e en Isra l dans les ann es 1990, Shlomo Sand nous entra ne dans une plong e travers l histoire de longue dur eQuand le peuple juif fut il cr Est ce il y a quatre mille ans, ou bien sous la plume d historiens juifs du XIXe si cle qui ont reconstitu r trospectivement un peuple imagin afin de fa onner une nation future Dans le sillage de la contre histoire n e en Isra l dans les ann es 1990, Shlomo Sand nous entra ne dans une plong e travers l histoire de longue dur e des juifs Les habitants de la Jud e furent ils exil s apr s la destruction du Second Temple, en l an 70 de l re chr tienne, ou bien s agit il d un mythe chr tien qui aurait infiltr la tradition juive L auteur montre comment, partir du XIXe si cle, le temps biblique a commenc tre consid r par les premiers sionistes comme le temps historique, celui de la naissance d une nation Ce d tour par le pass conduit l historien un questionnement beaucoup plus contemporain l heure o certains biologistes isra liens cherchent encore d montrer que les juifs forment un peuple dot d un ADN sp cifique, que cache aujourd hui le concept d tat juif , et pourquoi cette entit n a t elle pas r ussi jusqu maintenant se constituer en une r publique appartenant l ensemble de ses citoyens, quelle que soit leur religion En d non ant cette d rogation profonde au principe sur lequel se fonde toute d mocratie moderne, Shlomo Sand d laisse le d bat historiographique pour proposer une critique de la politique identitaire de son pays.

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    2 thoughts on “Comment le peuple juif fut inventé

    1. He is professor of history at Tel Aviv University and author of the controversial book The Invention of the Jewish People Verso Books, 2009 His main areas of teaching are nationalism, film as history and French intellectual history.Sand was born to Polish Jewish survivors of the Holocaust His parents had Communist and anti imperialist views and refused to receive compensations from Germany for their suffering during the Second World War Sand spent his early years in a displaced persons camp, and moved with the family to Jaffa in 1948 He was expelled from high school at the age of sixteen, and only completed his bagrut following his military service He eventually left the Union of Israeli Communist Youth Banki and joined the radical, and anti Zionist, Matzpen in 1968 Sand resigned from Matzpen in 1970 due to his disillusionment with the organisation.He declined an offer by the Israeli Communist Party Rakah to be sent to do cinema studies in Poland, and in 1975 Sand graduated with a BA in History from Tel Aviv University From 1975 to 1985, after winning a scholarship, he studied and later taught in Paris, receiving an MA in French History and a PhD for his thesis on George Sorel and Marxism Since 1982, Sand has taught at Tel Aviv University as well as at the University of California, Berkeley and the cole des hautes tudes en sciences sociales in Paris.

    2. "The Invention of the Jewish People" is one of the most original, honest and historically accurate books I’ve read to date. Professor Sand’s expels the myth of the Jewish "people" and the myth of the "exile" of these people from the land of “Israel”. The Jews were never expelled in large numbers from Palestine as it was called even then; there is simply no historical evidence to back this claim up. The evidence shows that the vast majority of Jews living in Palestine simply converted to [...]

    3. The Invention of the Jewish People by Shlomo Sand "The Invention of the Jewish People" is an interesting yet controversial scholarly book about Jewish history through the eyes of leading historian Shlomo Sand. What makes this book controversial is the fact that the author denies such a thing as a Jewish "race" that were descendents of the first exiles with everything that it entails. This 344-page book is composed of the following five major chapters: 1. Making Nations: Sovereignty and Equality, [...]

    4. I have written reviews of many books here. If there is one above all the rest that I would like others to read it would be this one.Regardless of the country you call home, it rests on a foundation of myths, stories of the distant past that unite the citizenry. Israel is no exception, yet the story of the historical Jews is one that more people in the United States are familiar with that that of any other people.Shlomo Sand begins his book discussing definitions - what are a people? What is a na [...]

    5. What a book!This book exposes how fragile and vulnerable is the state of Israel, mainly because it is relying on biblical myths to construct its Zionist ideology and Jewish identity, rather than on actual history proven by archeological and biological research.It is said that this book is another nail in the coffin of Zionism and I couldn't agree more. Unless the state of Israel starts acknowledging it's moral Schizophrenia and political hypocrisy, and it's discriminatory/ racist policies ( and [...]

    6. This is a really excellent and brilliantly original book written about the origins of the 'Jewish people'. Shlomo Sand, who is an Israeli historian, shows that in fact European Jews were converts to the religion rather than being descendents of a Jewish 'race'. By the same token, he maintains and that the original Jews who stayed in their country of origin eventually converted to Islam and are today's or many Jews wish to hear though I gather it was a best seller in Israel. As a 'Jew' in name, b [...]

    7. I attempted to read this book in preparation for a trip to Israel figuring that if I can't find objective sources at least I know the particular author's bias. I enjoyed the story-telling in the introduction of the book; however the discussion of nations and modern nationalism in the first chapter quickly showed me that bias would not be my biggest criticism. Sand focuses entirely on black-and-white thinking. He seemingly argues that the modern notion of the Nation (or nationalism or nation stat [...]

    8. Forget about everything you may have learned in Hebrew school, this book is a myth buster. It is common knowledge that according to the Bible the Jewish people started with Abrahamin Mesopotamia and then went to Egypt to be slave and then was redeemed. After wandering the desert for forty years under the leadership of Moses they came to Canaan where Joshua the brilliant military commander drove out the Canaanites in a lightning fast victory. King David and his son Solomon would form man empire a [...]

    9. While Shlomo Sand’s “Invention of the Jewish People” has attracted endless accolades from partisans with an axe to grind – though not always exactly the same axe as the author – any close scrutiny reveals the book to be little more than a collection of strawmen arguments forming a feeble foundation for a weak argument. Time and again, Sand rails against a scholarly consensus which seems to exist only in his mind and ignores the considerable primary source evidence that undermines his [...]

    10. Even though it is a detailed academic study, it is a pleasure to read. The language is crisp (some of the plaudits here must go to the translator). But what I found particularly enjoyable was the progressive building of the argument, citing source after source, evaluating them as adding (or not) to the tower of knowledge he constructs. What is a 'nation'? Is there (was there ever?) a Jewish nation? The constuction of myths cast as history, such as the invention of the exile of the Jews.There was [...]

    11. A wonderful book that convincingly unpacks the myths of Zionism. Shlomo Sand shows himself conversant with ancient history, Biblical scholarship, theoretical innovations in the social sciences, and contemporary politics. His argument culminates in the case for a single, binational state of Israel/Palestine that belongs equally to all its citizens. Given the patent bad faith of many who smear anti-Zionism as necessarily anti-semitic, this book has not had the impact it deserves. Nonetheless, for [...]

    12. Why is everyone so quick to jump on the bandwagon of the Khazar theory? It holds about as much truth as a vegetable drainer does water. Of course, it is a convenient theory for attack for anti-Zionists, but when really put under the microscope, the evidence for it is by far overwhelmingly outdone by the evidence against it. I am seeing so many posts about it just lately that I dare say the majority of those spreading these trendy posts haven't actually spent any significant time to study it from [...]

    13. Как сa измислени еврейската и другите нации по света – “Изобретяването на еврейския народ” от проф. Шломо Зандknigolandiafo/2011/05/b Да напишеш такава книга е безкрайно трудно. Още повече ако се числиш към еврейския народ, въобразил си уникалност и самовнушена богоизбраност. И гот [...]

    14. Comment le peuple juif fut inventéJ'ai lu ce livre il y a quelques temps. Je l'ai beaucoup aimé. On y apprend beaucoup, mais surtout, on y trouve une autre manière de voir l'histoire, peut-être même plus plausible.Shlomo Sand a du avoir beaucoup de courage pour écire ce livre.Je suis tombée aujourd'hui sur cet article. J'ai eu envie de le partager avec vous, en espérant vous donner envie de lire le livre.Une fois que l'on a dépassé le chapitre relatif au concept de nation, le livre est [...]

    15. Professor Sand, who teaches film history and modern political French history, opines that the Jewish people is a construct invented some time in the 19th century. This book is his argument in support of his opinion. It's also, if unwittingly, Sand's argument in favor of writing about what one knows. Presumably, Sand knows film history and modern French political history. What this book makes clear is that Sand does NOT know ancient or medieval history, or Jewish history. The professor also seems [...]

    16. Few things can cause a bigger shitstorm than to question the foundations of the state of Israel as a homeland for the Jews, by exposing the flawed nature of its ethnoreligious raison d'etre: zionism is built on the quicksand of 19th-century nationalism; and the Jews of today may be largely the descendents of converts, fighting the descendents of the Jews who didn't go into Diaspora and converted to Islam; all in all a very academic, technical and unputdownable book.

    17. Everyone who is concerned about the conflicted land of Palestine should read this book. It is not always an easy read, but this makes the nuggets of historical investigation even more surprising and revelatory when they appear. We need more books like this which show the way towards a sensible debate on the Middle East and how a people - the Palestinians - are being persecuted on the basis of a false claim that others have a stronger entitlement to the land that is theirs.

    18. Many people think of today's Jews as descendants from ancient Israelites, in fact I probably vaguely believed in this myself for a long time, without thinking about it. This book attacks this idea in detail. If someone had said, "you know, a lot of Jews over history were converts, and Jews tend to resemble other people in whatever area they come from," I would have said, "hmmm, maybe you're right." In fact, I remember reading something like this before I encountered this book, so I know that thi [...]

    19. Frankly the first two chapters of this book were mind-blowing. Best criticism of the notion of nationalism ever. So this is a very controversial book but brings up good questions. Thankfully the book is very well written so it makes the dense subject matter easy to digest and move through.

    20. Clear and concise analysis of the idea of a Jewish state. The author is well researched and nd relies on empirical data for his analysis.

    21. One of the great paradoxes of nations, and one of the things that gives them such emotional power, is the sense that they have always existed, that they represent and embody a people who have always been, much as they are now, a people. Equally, all nations gain their legitimacy from their citizenship – the terms they use to grant people legitimate membership of the nation. For many it is civic – the idea that we live in a place, fulfil certain residence criteria and on that basis become leg [...]

    22. Shlomo Sand is one of the academic writers that Israel loves to hate. He vigorously researches his work and turns up evidence of things that the Israeli leadership, and Zionist academia would rather keep hidden. The more evidence unearthed that disproves the fictitious historic claim to the land of Israel, the more grasping and ill-tempered these people get. This book is a wide ranging work detailing the early history of the Jewish people and their subsequent diaspora which came about largely as [...]

    23. Controversial best-seller in Israel but not that interesting if you're not an Israeli?The author's main point is that Israel treats its non-Jewish citizens unfairly. All the stuff about the history of the Jewish nation is really only included to make that point. Basically, he argues that historically Jews were a religious/cultural group - that in the 19th century they started to see themselves as an ethnic/national group - that their supposed ethnicity was used to justify the creation of Israel [...]

    24. Sand is a professor of French history and film history who wrote a book claiming that "the Jewish people" is a 19th-century invention, that modern-day Jews are largely descended from Hellenistic- and Roman-era converts, and Ashkenazi Jews may be descended from Khazar converts, and that all this has been suppressed in Zionist historiography. A British historian of ancient Rome says in The Times Literary Supplement that Sand is wrong about Roman history; an Israeli historian says in Haaretz that S [...]

    25. "The Invention of the Jewish People" - with a title like that, one might assume that the author is a Holocaust denier, or something like that. No, however, he is himself Jewish (the son of a Jewish mother, at any rate), a professor of history at the University of Tel Aviv. Really, I would say that this book was a case study in nationalism, with modern day Israel as its subject. An interesting introduction to what historians do.I think this book could have benefited greatly from the addition of s [...]

    26. While Shlomo Sand's style is easy and accessible, I am afraid that this book relies on circumstantial historical evidence. While it is true that the Khazar royal family and the nobility converted to Judaism as a means to counterbalance Byzantine and Muslim influence within the Kingdom, there are no concrete evidence the the citizens of the kingdom followed through, let alone becoming the basis of the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Furthermore, given the troublesome requirements that converts are r [...]

    27. Un livre documenté, courageux et fourmillant d'idées . En dénoncant l'histoire officielle qui a créé un état ethnique et religieux en refusant l'héritage culturelle de ses communautés - du Yiddishland au Yemen et des royaumes berbères aux khazars-, en rappelant les ascendances judééennes des palestiniens d'aujourd'hui, il ouvre aussi un espace de reflexion pour un devenir commun aux deux peuples qui se disputent la terre d'Israel. Un historien brillant à lire absolument.

    28. Very interesting book. Sand describes Jewish History as cultural or religious instead of racial or genetic. He thus undermines the claims of Zionists that they have a direct link to Israel. It turns out that Jews, like Frenchmen, Scotts, Germans, etc, etc, have an invented, mythical history. The history of the spread of the Jewish religion described here is complex and occurs on different fronts; through conversion by persuasion, convenience, political expediency and force.

    29. Sand's critique of Zionist historiography, and the way it is both subservient to and reflected in ideology and politics, is lucid, humane, and completely fascinating. It starts with a difficult (due to an occasionally murky translation?) chapter on the concept of "nations", but persistence will be abundantly rewarded.

    30. This was a difficult read for someone that isn't a trained historian. The author has a confusing (for me) way of writing and coupled with the history jargon made it hard for me to understand. He did bring up some interesting points about my assumptions of the history of the Jews. It did give me new avenues to investigate in the Jewish-Palestinian subject.

    31. The author confirms my understanding of the fragile claims the Jews have on a so-called "Israel" state and the land it occupies. He raises some significant issues on the rise of Zionism and its early rejections by European Jewish leadership. Zionism was viewed as an interruption to a Jew's relationship to God, and as we have seen, Israeli Zionism has become exactly that.

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