Zarb-e-Kaleem: Armagan-e-Hijaz

Zarb e Kaleem Armagan e Hijaz None

  • Title: Zarb-e-Kaleem: Armagan-e-Hijaz
  • Author: Muhammad Iqbal
  • ISBN: 9694162020
  • Page: 154
  • Format: Paper Back
  • None

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      Published :2020-06-24T00:46:18+00:00

    2 thoughts on “Zarb-e-Kaleem: Armagan-e-Hijaz

    1. Sir Allama Mohammad Iqbal also known as Allama Iqbal was born in 1877 in Sialkot, Punjab, in British Ruled India, now Pakistan, and was educated in the local school and college in Sialkot, before going on the university in Lahore There he studied Arabic and philosophy as an undergraduate, then in 1899 did an M.A in philosophy being ranked first in the Punjab, and awarded a Gold Medal He was appointed to a Readership in Arabic at the Oriental College in Lahore, and over the next few years became well known as a poet, as well as writing his first book in Urdu , The Knowledge of Economics 1903.In 1905 he travelled to Europe to continue his philosophical studies, first at Cambridge, then at Munich, where he obtained his doctorate with a thesis entitled The Development of Metaphysics in Persia From 1907 to 1908 he was Professor of Arabic at the University of London during this period he studied for the bar, becoming a barrister in 1908, when he returned to Lahore to practise law While practising as an advocate at the Lahore High Court he continued to a part time academic career as professor of philosophy and English Literature, being appointed Professor of Philosophy at the Government College, Lahore in 1911 He was knighted in 1923.Despite his law practice, his philosophical work, and his gradual entry into politics, first as a member of the Punjab Legislative Council and later as president of the All India Muslim League, Iqbal was probably best known and respected as a poet Nevertheless, his other activities brought him some measure of fame, especially six lectures that he gave at Madras, Osmania University at Hyderabad, and Aligarh, which were later published as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam 1930 During the early thirties he travelled extensively in the Middle East and Europe, participating in international political conferences, meeting philosophers and politicians, and writing.His political view was that in theory a Muslim state wasn t desirable, as he held to the ideal of a world wide Muslim community nevertheless, he held that, at least in the short and medium terms, the only way for Indian Muslims to be able to live according to the tenets of Islam was in such a state, and he campaigned accordingly He died in Lahore in 1938, some nine years before the creation of Pakistan, where his birthday is celebrated as national holiday.Iqbal s philosophical work involved bringing various philosophical influences, including Leibniz, Hegel, and Nietzsche, to his Islamic scholarship, thus holding out the promise of a revival of genuine Islamic philosophical thought a return of Islam to its place in the philosophical world That promise has yet to be truly fulfilled, though it remains in place To exist in pure duration is to be a self, and to be a self is to be able to say I am The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam p.56

    2. "The world is ruled by misers few,Whose men still serve the worthless few.The workers skilled in workshops queue,Have killed themselves for vultures few.""A hungry seeker begged his Sheikh to plead,Does God have no knowledge of peoples’ need.To me he is closer than my jugular vein,But not closer to me than my abdomen’s pain."Beautiful collection of poems. Sad to know that the book was never completed but I feel fortunate reading what was left behind. One of the greatest Muslim poets of all t [...]

    3. Iqbal's last work, published in 1938 - the year of his demise. Iqbal titled it Armaghan e Hijaz (Gift from Hijaz) most probably because he performed pilgrimage and went to Hijaz that year.The book begins with an extremely powerful poem titled The Satan's Council, I am reminded of Sympathy for the Devil by the Rolling Stones.Book has 8 poems, 13 couplets and a mix of 22 verses, couplets and poems mostly dedicated to Kashmir, barring last two or three which are addressed to specific personages.Mai [...]

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